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13th Annual Brain Death Congress, will be organized around the theme “Glimpses of Novel Concepts on Cessation of Brain Functions”
Brain Death 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Brain Death 2020
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Brain death is determined by the complete and irreversible cessation of the whole brain activity including brain stem. The loss of consciousness leads to the respiratory and cardiopulmonary failure. Therefore, brain death results in all other organs’ death.
- Track 1-1Cortical or Cerebral Death
- Track 1-2Brainstem Death
- Track 1-3Whole Brain Death
An Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is an injury to the brain that is not hereditary, congenital, degenerative, or induced by birth trauma. Essentially, this type of brain injury is one that has occurred after birth. The injury results in a change to the brain's neuronal activity, which affects the physical integrity, metabolic activity, or functional ability of nerve cells in the brain. There are two types of acquired brain injury i.e., traumatic and non-traumatic.
- Track 2-1Scalp Injuries
- Track 2-2Cerebral contusion and Laceration
- Track 2-3Epidural Hematoma
- Track 2-4Traumatic Brain Injury
- Track 2-5Brain Hemorrhage
- Track 2-6Skull Fractures
While a person got an irreversible and catastrophic brain injury that causes the total cessation of the brain function which leads to brain death. Major causes of brain death are severe traumatic injury, cerebrovascular injury like stroke, anoxia due to heart attack, brain tumor etc. Brain infections, tumors, traumatic injury are responsible for brain swelling and for that brain loses its functions. Sometimes hypertension may cause bleeding in the brain that leads to brain death.
- Track 3-1Stroke or Aneurysm
- Track 3-2Anoxia
- Track 3-3Traumatic Brain Injury
- Track 3-4Brain Tumor
The process of brain death determination and certification includes identification of physical examination findings which give a clear etiology of brain dysfunction. The diagnosis of brain death is clinically determined primarily. If the full clinical examinations including brain stem reflexes and apnea test are conclusively performed, then no other confirmatory tests are required. In some cases like cervical injuries or cardiovascular instability may cause misinterpretation of clinical tests’ result. In such case, a confirmatory test is necessary to verify the brain death properly. These confirmatory tests include angiography, cerebral arteriography, electroencephalography, nuclear brain scanning, transcranial Doppler ultrasonography etc. All the determination process should be done by at least two specialist physicians separately and all phases of determination should be recorded. Finally certification process should be done after completion of maintaining all records.
- Track 4-1Clinical Evaluation
- Track 4-2Neurological Assessments
- Track 4-3Apnea test
- Track 4-4Ancillary Test
- Track 4-5Angiography
- Track 4-6Angiography
- Track 4-7Cerebral Arteriography
Brain death and disorders of consciousness such as coma, vegetative state and minimally conscious state. Coma: A state of unconsciousness from the patient who cannot be aroused even with stimulation such a pressure on the supraorbital nerve, temporo- mandibular angle of the mandible, sternum, or nail bed. Vegetative state: This signifies an awake but unresponsive state, most of these patients were earlier comatose and a period of days or weeks emerges to an unresponsive state in which their eyelids are open, giving the appearance of wakefulness. This explains two inter-related paradoxes; the first paradox is the brain dead patient whose 'phenotype' betrays the ultimate futility and lack of sustainability of the state and the second paradox is that of patients who retain apparent higher levels of cognitive function but who may be misidentified as remaining in a vegetative state or one of the similar conditions formulated in the recently defined syndrome of cognitive motor dissociation.
- Track 5-1Coma
- Track 5-2Persistent Vegetative State
- Track 5-3Locked in Syndrome
- Track 5-4Minimally Conscious State
- Track 5-5Cardiopulmonary Failure
A brain tumor is an abnormal growth of cells inside the brain or skull. A primary brain tumor is an abnormal growth that starts in the brain and usually does not spread to other parts of the body. Primary brain tumors may be benign or malignant. Metastatic (secondary) brain tumors begin as cancer elsewhere in the body and spread to the brain. They form when cancer cells are carried in the blood stream. The most common cancers that spread to the brain are lung and breast.
- Track 6-1Glioblastoma
- Track 6-2Acoustic Neuroma
- Track 6-3Embryonal Tumors
- Track 6-4Craniopharyngioma
- Track 6-5Medulloblastoma
Individual in a state of coma is considered as alive, no matter how severe or prolonged. There is a chance to get back into the normal life for the coma patients as the patient is in reversible unconscious condition but brain continuously gives electrical impulse signal to rest of the body. In case of brain death patients, they are in irreversible unconscious condition i.e. complete and irreversible cessation. In case of vegetative state coma, the patient has recovered brain stem function but not higher cognitive abilities. If the vegetative state continues for more than one month then it is considered as persistent vegetative state which normally leads to brain death. Only in rare cases, patient with persistent vegetative coma state can recover full mental awareness.
- Track 7-1Locked-in Syndrome
- Track 7-2Clinical Death vs. Brain Death
- Track 7-3Persistent Vegetative State
- Track 7-4Brain Dysfunction
- Track 7-5Brain Hemorrhage
- Track 7-6Neural Tube Defect (NTD)
A stroke happens once the blood offer to the brain is interrupted. The manner a stroke affects the brain depends on that a part of the brain suffers injury. Brain stem strokes will have advanced symptoms, and that they are tough to diagnose. Brain stem strokes can have complex symptoms, and they can be difficult to diagnose. If a stroke within the brain stem results from a clot, the quicker blood flow is restored during this essential space, the higher the possibilities for recovery. The risk factors for brain stem stroke are the same as for stroke in other areas of the brain: high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, atrial fibrillation, and smoking. Like strokes in other areas of the brain, brain stem strokes can be caused by a clot or a hemorrhage. There are rare cases, as Associate in Nursing injury to Associate in Nursing artery thanks to fulminant head or neck movements.
- Track 8-1Central Nervous System Disorders
- Track 8-2Cerebrovascular Disorders and Stroke
- Track 8-3Neurological Disorders and Chronic Pain
- Track 8-4Stroke and its Management
- Track 8-5Neuro Oncology
- Track 8-6Stroke Rehabilitation and Recovery
- Track 8-7Therapeutic Approaches for Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Mental health includes emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel, and act. It conjointly helps confirm however we have a tendency to handle stress, relate to others, and build decisions. Mental health is very important at each stage of life, from childhood and adolescence through adulthood. Over the course of your life, if you expertise psychological state issues, your thinking, mood, and behavior may well be affected. Many factors contribute to psychological state issues, as well as Biological factors, like genes or brain chemistry, Life experiences, like trauma or abuse, case history of psychological state issues. Mental health refers to our psychological feature, behavioral, and emotional upbeat - it's all regarding however we predict, feel, and behave. The term 'mental health' is typically accustomed to mean Associate in Nursing absence of a mental disturbance.
- Track 9-1Classes of Mental illness/Types of Disorder
- Track 9-2Schizophrenia and Anxiety
- Track 9-3Prevention of Mental illness
- Track 9-4Complications of Mental illness
- Track 9-5Diagnosis & Treatment for Mental Disorder
- Track 9-6Depression & Anxiety
- Track 9-7Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Developmental Brain Injury and Disorders (DBD) occur prior to birth or in early childhood. They may be caused by genetic factors or can be brain injuries acquired through exposure to environmental factors (such as fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, infection, physical brain injury or drug addiction in the mother). DBD commonly affect the person throughout their entire lifetime and symptoms fall on a spectrum from high-functioning children and adults, to more mildly or severely affect individuals with intellectual disability and a variety of other common symptoms. Some children born with DBD can also have defects in other organ systems as part of a syndrome.
- Track 10-1Anencephalic Infants
- Track 10-2Neonatal Neurology
- Track 10-3Brain Malformations
- Track 10-4Birth Asphyxia
- Track 10-5Cerebrovascular Malformations
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) occurs when an outside mechanical force is applied to the head and affects brain functioning. It can be caused by a blow to the head or a penetrating head injury or a rapid acceleration- deceleration event if the head has not been directly struck. Mostly common in a large group of disease causing acquired brain injuries.
- Track 11-1Closed Brain Injury
- Track 11-2Open Brain Injury
Clinical Evaluation of Brain Death is divided into two main categories they are Prerequisites and Neurologic Assessment. Prerequisites: Brain death is the absence of clinical brain function when the proximate cause is known demonstrably irreversible. Clinical or neuroimaging evidence of an acute catastrophe that is compatible with the clinical diagnosis of brain death. No drug intoxication or poisoning. Neurologic Assessment: Coma, Absence of brainstem reflexes and apnea test.
- Track 12-1Caloric Testing
- Track 12-2Pupils
- Track 12-3Ocular Movement
- Track 12-4Facial sensation and facial motor response
- Track 12-5Pharyngeal and Tracheal Reflexes
Anoxic cerebrum damage is a kind of mental damage that isn't typically brought about by a hit to the head. Rather, anoxic mind damage happens when the cerebrum is denied oxygen. Left without oxygen for a really long time, neural cells start to kick the bucket through a procedure called apoptosis. What's more, however, cell passing is an ordinary piece of the human experience, when countless synapses at the same time bite the dust, patients can be left with decreased mind work. In the event that the oxygen hardship proceeds, anoxic cerebrum wounds may even wind up lethal.
Caring of brain death diagnosed patient is the heaviest of duties for nurses. Due to stressors and complications, this is the biggest challenge of nursing in critical care unit. Nurses working in ICU must be knowledgeable about the brain death diagnosis and taking care of patients and their family especially when the patient is potential organ donor.
- Track 14-1Neurological Nursing
- Track 14-2ICU management of the brain dead potential donor
For the advancement in modern science and technology, organ donation is the greatest achievement by which an organ failure patient may get new life. Organ donors are of two types as living related donor and living non-related donor like brain death patient and cadaveric donor. After brain death, donated organs are kept viable by using ventilator or other supporting mechanisms until it will be transplanted. In case of brain death, patient can donate most of the organs. Critical care management of a potential donor patient is very crucial to maximize the number and the quality of the transplanted organs.
- Track 15-1Living Donor
- Track 15-2Cadaveric Donor
- Track 15-3Organ Collection & Preservation